The coyote (: /kaɪˈoʊti, ˈkaɪoʊt/) (Canis latrans), also known as the prairie wolf, is a species of canid found throughout North and Central America, ranging from Panama in the south, north through Mexico, the United States, and Canada. It occurs as far north as Alaska and all but the northernmost portions of Canada. There are currently 19 recognized subspecies, with 16 in Canada, Mexico and the United States, and 3 in Central America. Unlike its cousin the grey wolf, which is Eurasian in origin, the coyote evolved in North America 2 MYA alongside the Dire Wolf. Unlike the wolf, the coyote's range has expanded in the wake of human civilization, and readily reproduces in metropolitan areas. It is thought by certain experts that the coyote's North American origin may account for its greater adaptability than the wolf, due to North America's greater prehistoric predation pressures.